Synthesis documents

Cape Town Conference: Business Environment Reform and Informal Women Entrepreneurs in Ghana, 2009 (A. Hampel-Milgrosa, Day 2, Afternoon Session)

    This paper, entitled Gender issues in Doing Business: An analysis using case studies of Ghanaian women entrepreneurs, assesses the relevance of World Bank's Doing Business style reforms for the economic participation and productivity of women in Ghana.

    Summary of results
    In the Ghanaian context, regulations in starting a business, paying taxes, registering property and getting credit are more or less gender neutral. Women's disadvantage in starting and running a business is rather rooted in strong traditional values that overlap with these regulations and result in a gender bias. Rigid regulations related to getting formal employment seem to work against women's employment probabilities. On top of regulatory issues, the lack of transparency of the Ghanaian taxation system, inflexibility of commercial banks and the lack of opportunities in the job market are issues that impact women but are found to be embedded in systemic problems of the national context.

    The author gives the following types of of policy recommendations:
    • Measures to improve the business environment of women
    • Policies that could empower women beyond the Doing Business and the business environment
    • Specific recommendations for improving the gender relevance of Doing Business indicators.

    Associated Activities and Documents
    Synthesis documents
    »Donor Committee Conference: Business Environment Reform and the Informal Economy, Cape Town, South Africa, 12-15 April 2010