B.E. Assessment

Toward Universal Social Protection - Private Mechanisms to Reach the Poor: Policy Issues and Research Implications, Viet Nam M4P, 2005

    This report is composed of two parts. The first one reviews the reasons social protection coverage is usually low in developing countries, focusing on the private mechanisms that have been developed so far to expand coverage to low-income earners. It discusses the key features of those private mechanisms and derives the implications for Viet Nam, given the Government's ambition to develop an integrated social protection. The second part focuses on the analytical agenda to support Vietnamese policy makers in designing and implementing an integrated, public-private social protection system. The issues for further research are identified based on a review of the literature on households' attitudes toward risk, including their propensity to save and their willingness to rely on formal insurance.